Within the framework of EUROPRICE project various charging experiments and modelling calculations have been executed in London, Dublin, Athens and Budapest.
In case of Budapest with the application of the sensitive demand-models (trip generation, distribution and modal split model) and assigning methods of the TRANSURS model system based on the data of the 1994 household survey, the analysis of various (access) charging scenarios have been made possible. One of the scenarios is shown in the following figure.
The introduction of access fees brought change in the generalised costs, what influenced the trip rates, the destination distribution and the modal shares of the participants of transport and further the routes of the car drivers (the trucks are prohibited from the inner part of the city).
The assumed cordon fee is relatively high, it equals to 4 public transport tickets (price in 1995: HUF 25/ticket), in case of bridge tolls on the Danube bridges in the inner districts of Budapest a fee of an additional 2 units has been assumed.
On the basis of the generalised transport costs (time, fuel, service conditions + entry fee) the results of the logit-based calculations for destination and mode choice in respect of the over 70 passenger groups and trip purpose groups are shown in the graphs and the loading difference map.
The main findings were: